New Shrub Frog Discovered

Posted by: Loren Coleman on January 20th, 2008


The tiny shrub frog (Philautus ochlandrae) lives in bamboo hollows.

This new species of shrub frog from the Western Ghats adds its name to the growing list of frogs discovered recently. The latest is a tiny oriental shrub frog, named Philautus ochlandrae, discovered in the cool evergreen forests of the Kakkayam Reserve Forest in Kerala, India.

The squat little amphibian does not grow beyond 2.5 cm, has a short rounded snout and protruding eyes with striking golden yellow markings. With this, the number of frog species discovered in the last seven years in India stands at 25. The discovery was published in the international journal Zootaxa in October 2007.

The frog lives in the hollows of bamboo reeds in the forests of the Western Ghats, where rain is abundant and temperatures are low, said K.V. Gururaja, doctoral fellow at the Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES), Indian Institute of Science (IISc). He is one of the five authors of the paper. The co-authors are T.V. Ramachandra, Professor, CES, IISc; and K.P. Dinesh, Muhamed Jafer Palot and C. Radhakrishnan, of the Western Ghats Field Research Station, Zoological Survey of India.

This shrub frog belongs to a group in which an unusual phenomenon called “direct development” takes place. “Skipping the tadpole stage, froglets directly emerge from the eggs that are laid in the inner walls of the bamboo,” said Dr. Gururaja. With this adaptation, the frogs do not need water to breed, he said.

Source: Divya Gandhi, “New frog species found in Kerala,” The Hindu, India, Sunday, January 20, 2008.

Loren Coleman About Loren Coleman
Loren Coleman is one of the world’s leading cryptozoologists, some say “the” leading living cryptozoologist. Certainly, he is acknowledged as the current living American researcher and writer who has most popularized cryptozoology in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Starting his fieldwork and investigations in 1960, after traveling and trekking extensively in pursuit of cryptozoological mysteries, Coleman began writing to share his experiences in 1969. An honorary member of Ivan T. Sanderson’s Society for the Investigation of the Unexplained in the 1970s, Coleman has been bestowed with similar honorary memberships of the North Idaho College Cryptozoology Club in 1983, and in subsequent years, that of the British Columbia Scientific Cryptozoology Club, CryptoSafari International, and other international organizations. He was also a Life Member and Benefactor of the International Society of Cryptozoology (now-defunct). Loren Coleman’s daily blog, as a member of the Cryptomundo Team, served as an ongoing avenue of communication for the ever-growing body of cryptozoo news from 2005 through 2013. He returned as an infrequent contributor beginning Halloween week of 2015. Coleman is the founder in 2003, and current director of the International Cryptozoology Museum in Portland, Maine.

5 Responses to “New Shrub Frog Discovered”

  1. mystery_man responds:

    Keep the amphibian discoveries coming. Very good news indeed.

  2. plant girl responds:

    I believe there are many more species yet to discover.

  3. Saint Vitus responds:

    I am not surprised that this little guy remained hidden for so long, since it is only 1 inch long and lives inside hollow bamboo. There is a similar sized frog, the Cuban Greenhouse Frog, which is now also found in Florida and South Alabama, that has the same kind of life cycle, skipping past the tadpole stage entirely.

  4. sschaper responds:

    Wouldn’t that make them not amphibians?

  5. Saint Vitus responds:

    All frogs are considered amphibians-they have thin skin that can absorb water, and jellylike eggs with no shells. I think those are the main critera for being an amphibian, although the vast majority of them do have an aquatic larval or tadpole stage.

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